Human Physiology/The Muscular System

Digestive System Anatomy

Spinal muscular atrophy
Gerontology Nursing NUR ATP is needed for all muscular movement. The progress is known to vary greatly, some people gradually grow weaker over time while others through careful maintenance avoid any progression. Signed and dated Informed Consent Form. In all SMA types, physiotherapy has been shown to delay the progress of disease. Treacher Collins syndrome Spinocerebellar ataxia 7 Cajal body: This theory and clinical course introduces the principles of mental health and caring for patients experiencing problems of a psychological nature.

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Eat meat, protein, veggies etc. Just eat healthy and follow the rules. There are no short cuts to getting a good physique. If you are looking to put size on try a program called P90X.

The program is very intense and even caters towards athletics. They even suggest what foods to eat and how much depending on what you want to do.

The programs are brole down into toning, weight lose, and building muscle mass. The program is a little high priced but real worth it. I take creatine with my workout and seemed to do wonders. After im done with it would i lose a LOT of weight and strength due to water loss? My plan is a 4 day split routine in the gym in the mornings, while training approximately, 5 times a week in Rugby and 2 games.

Their are several products or stacks I will be taking, 1. A Nitric Oxide Precursor before Gym. Defintely Nitric Oxide, but Im wondering if i should do 1. Then for the next 3 weeks one serve post training. It says nothing about taking it on non-training days. It also says again after 1 week loading, 3 weeks use, they recommend a 2 week break. Now will the creatine still be in my system after that 2 weeks cycle so I will only have to take once after working out after the break, or will i have to massively load again.

Or should i just stick with Nitric Oxide and Protein mix? BSc Myocytin is the Creatine name. Should I take creatine? Also does creatine work when taken about 2 times a week and what are the reprocussions of taking it and when stopped.

My upper body is reasonably muscular but the bottom half needs some toning. I have been working out for about 4 months now and I am taking creatine. My goal is to gain muscle and lose fat, especially near my abs. I work out 4 times a week for about 1. I bench around lb, yeah i hold the world record. Are there any bad sides to taking a weight gainer? A lot of these players I play with and against all use creatine. I weigh right now.

I try to workout 4 times at least a week. Does creatine have any side effects like peeing Crystals or anything? And with taking protein shakes, will creatine help out a lot? Im 16,, weigh pounds, pretty solid but i want to take creatine to gain some extra pounds of muscle, and get hella bitches this summer, can i take it for like a month and stop and if i do what will be the side effects, and is six star creatine good shit.

Im not sure for the pills but for the powder your supposed to take it directly after your work out and on your off days you take it in the morning then a dosage 12 hours later. Ok i have a question i been working out for about to years with just protein i have gain some mass but like everyone else i want some more so im thinking about creatine the thing is that in two months from now im going on vacation for a month what happens when i stop taking it and stop working out at the same time.

Thanx for that reply Jimmy…so you dont think that im going to loose whatever i gained if i dont workout for that whole month? The only thing im worried about is the losing of mass once you stop taking it.

Do i have to be in proper form i. I want to get stronger and gain weight for football so should i start taking creatine right now? I used creatine for about 2 months…my bench soared from a mere to about pounds.

I stopped and lost 11 pounds and im skinny again. Its like i never worked out. So yea this stuff really makes you shrink. However, i stopped working out altogether so that might be why. Hi I just purchased cell mass. I weigh and have a 6 pack but want to get more muscle in my arms.

Will the creatine take away my 6 pack. And also if i only do one cycle of creatine and then go back to taking syntha 6 for awhile will i notice a big change.

Let me tell you one thing, creatine is just a supplement. Creatine is not an anabolic steroid, creatine is like water compared to steroids.

We laughed our asses when they told us The pros, they were using creatine. Ive been on creatine for a while now because I lift for football. I gained about 15 pounds and my bench did go up. A lot of kids on my team say that I need to stop taking the creatine when the season starts because it dehydrates you. Would it be worth it to take once or twice a week during the season or would it not be enough to make a difference? Would that still dehydrate me too much? Hey… this is a serious question.

I have been taking creatine for like weeks now and i swear to god my penis has gotten smaller…. Okay i just picked up this creatine stuff… all i wanna know is when to take it like before or after working out or both..

I also drink alot of whey protein and in a month I look swolen. People with high or low blood-pressure should probably avoid creatine. Actually, it appears that the second study monitored individuals ranging from. There were no differences in the reported incidence of muscle injury, cramps, or other side effects. These data suggest that long-term creatine supplementation does not result in adverse health effects.

There have been no significant confirmed side effects of creatine, only speculation. It can potentially raise blood pressure, as it stores extra water in the cells of your muscles. Some speculate that it could potentially be harmful to the liver or kidneys, as they have to process it. Best to not take drastically high amounts, though, like alcohol or any other chemical, etc. While no short-term side effects have been observed, no comprehensive long-term studies have been done either, so take creatine at your own risk.

Why am i not gaining weight. I run roughly 40 miles a week due to cross country practice but I wrestle too, I was considering taking creatine post wrestling up to fall cross country to get big for my senior year. Thank God for you, Martin! I was scrolling down this thread wondering where all the sane people had gone.

Creatine can be beneficial for helping you have harder short workouts, and, yes, therefore help you gain muscle, because… well…. If you do regular weight-based workouts, Creatine will help you workout slightly harder, which should help you gain some more muscle.

If you wanna pay through the nose for that, fine. And you stop eating shit. Hey just wondering if i am benching right now without Creatine and then get on creatine for a good months and then lets say i stop taking Creatine. How long should my workout be? Should I try to lift as much as I can while using creatine or should I start out small since I have never worked out?

Can I use creatine while running or doing push ups and sit ups and it still work? My last question is what is the deal about the water retention or whatever? What does that mean and what are the effects of that and is it a big deal??? So i feel like im going to lose all of what ive gained when i go off creatine, in a month and a half ive gotten a bit bigger in all of my upper body and gained 11 pounds, i dont want to take creatine forever so once the jar is gone im done.

When i use a creatine do I have to stop using Caffeeine? And how much water shuld i drink when I use Creatine? Tell me if im wrong, but is this not a good way to describe creatine? Creatine is like a super-charged pair of runners.

These runners help you run for longer, thus working your muscles harder and runners let out this gas which helps you gain mass. Hey Guys, Im planning to take creatine.

The reason I lift weights is I just want to look good without a shirt on. I am going to start taking creatine in a few days.

I am going to record dosage, time of intake, gains, side effects, and post cycle effects of the powdered form.

I am on bodyspace. My profile name is justjake81 I thought it would be great to see someone with a well documented experience with creatine. Anybody who gives their kid creatine should be put in jail. Teens have ego issues as is. Its possible to get ripped without creatine. It just takes a little longer.

All creatine is water weight. Once you stop taking it, you lose everything you gain. Besides its expensive to keep buying over and over. Eat plenty of chicken and go easy on carbs. Any of these get ripped quick supplements are a health concern. Eat right no driver thrus greasy burgers pizzas taco bell at 4 in the morning.

It takes real discipline not some magic shake to get a real gym body. Im 20 years female, I want to ask you guys if I take creatine with my chest grow???

In this case I will save some money on a plastic surgery? I then got arrested for running naked with a creatine pills on my mouth.. Oscar, yes you should use creatine or some other safe SAFE supplement if you want to reach , but rememebr you dont want to gain to much wieght for it will be bad for you at the same time.

Oscar if you ultimately want to reach bench press it is within reach with you being that big. SO just starting on NANo Vapor feeling a huge increase in endurance but my face is turning red everytime i take it anyone know why? Hey i just got some creatine, wondering if it will dissolve in the drink if i let it sit out for about hours?

So i dont know if this has todo with my flu i had a week ago tht passed already or the creatine i started to take yesterday. Hey i started taking creatine and my friend told me take it durring your lift. Also that when you stick it into your waterbottle drink it right away. For example dont make it at 7 am and drink it at 11 am because it can become poisonous to the body if left out too long.

I want to start building size on my chest and arms faster and tone up my abs, would creatine be the best thign to take? Also do I have the right equipment needed or do you guys advise me to get a gym membership?

It occurs naturally in your body and helps to restore ATP energy. When you do a rep your body releases ATPs that burst and give you energy. Your body releases creatine to restore your ATPs, now when you run out of creatine you no longer have energy to do another rep.

By putting more creatine into your body you can do more reps therefore gaining muscle. Now creatine also opens up the pores in your cells and allows whatever you take with it to enter and form a mass unless taken with water. I DO NOt recommend taking it with water!

However, if taken with protein your putting protein into your muscle to form a hard mass. I recommend taking your creatine with protein and if you are doing a pre-work out you should take it with that aswell.

I do not recommend anyone under the age of 18 to take it for the fact that they do not have mature muscles and it will not be benefecial enough to them. You should cycle creatine- 1 month on 1 month off so your body doesnt get used to it and also because your body was not ment to have that much creatine at once therefore causing stomach problems. Now when combined with proper exercise and taken with PROTEIN you wont lose muscle but you will lose a little strength inbetween cycles but if you use creatine properly the amount of muscle that you put on will make your strength go right back up.

If your having stomach aches with creatine monohydrate then switch to kre-alkalyn. Kre-alkalyn contains magnesium which acts as a buffer therefore making you able to take it longer but once again you need to cycle it so your body doesnt get used to it.

Just bought some greatine and i am wondering if i can put on about twenty pounds of muscle or so, right now i weight about pounds and would like to go up to about Does anyone out there in internet land think its possible tqaking creatine?

Im gay if i start using Creatine will i go straight? I am 21…my height is Also when should i take it how long before my work out. How many grams a day?? I have looked up this but i would like to hear it from some one that has exp. Since i am consistently training, when i stop taking creatine, would i drop back to lbs or will i gain extra strength already since i have been using heavier weights and improve to lbs? Also, how much to take a day and how much water to go along with that, and should i take breaks once and a while for how long!!???

I ve heard that creatine causes hairloss,is that true? Hi, I weigh and can bench Except the creatine make me crap my drawers in middle of rep. Oh I heard creatine make you go gay too. Do i take protein with cell tech?????? Normally I would space it out without supplements and go straight but given time constraints I need to maximize my results asap.

I was wanting to know given that basic is 8. Any feedback is greatly app. Hi guys, currently I weigh about 65 pounds, im 25 years old, i bench and squat Creatine is an interesting substance. It will make you bigger, all around, but this is simply the water. Sure, when there is more water in your muscles, you tend to have more strength. Think of it as an engine with a bigger capacity like 4 L vs 3 L. The majority of the size gained only by creatine will be lost after stopping.

You would gain strength and muscle mass either way if you were working out, with creatine, or without. I have been bodybuilding for over 6 years and have taken creatine a number of years. I stopped taking it as it was having negative consequences on my health, particularly with the kidneys, the bladder, and the large intestines. I was feeling random pains in my abdomen.

My body felt bloated all the time and I could never reach a six pack on creatine. After taking creatine nonstop for over a year I stopped.

I lost a lot of weight 20 lbs and about 50 lbs from my bench press. So the time I took off definitely attributed to my loss in strength and some mass. However, the consequences from putting creatine and other such substances in your body far outweighs the benefits.

I would rather have a substance-free body and know that my gains from lifting naturally are here to stay. I would have praised creatine a year ago… but you live and you learn. Nitric oxide is not creatine. It expands your vascular system for better pumping of the blood.

Some people have mentioned that it can have a positive effect on blood pressure by lowering it. I am not familiar enough to speak on it so take my word with a grain of salt. If you are 14 there is no way you should be taking creatine. If you work out too much at your age, you risk damaging your body and this will effect you in later life. If you try and bulk up so young your body with start to focus growth and repair of muscles and it will not have enough supplements to continue your growth that should be happening during puberty.

Plus if you want to start building young. You should start off on whey proteins then ween yourself off onto creatine at a later stage. Hey guys, i was just curious in beginning taking creatine. I was thinking about taking purple k creatine pills, any opinions? Anyways Creatine is good for bulk but not long lasting gains in my opinion. Like any supplement research it and use it cautiously. I have used many supplements on and off for various different reasons, I now stick with PHD products but only take half the reccomended dosage on protein in takes etc.

I take creatine every week day and none on weekends. Seriously to be honest.. I weigh lbs and I can bench lbs. I started lifting in the summer of , at lbs and benching lbs. I have took creatine once so I know it hasnt made any difference in my strength.

Im just sayin all you need is dedication and scarifice. Im 17 and weight lbs, im going to start working out now, should i take creatine? I was told to take it when i wake up. I am trying to gain about 15lbs in muscle weight and not look fat, because i still wanna look defined for the ladies if you know what i mean.

So how much and when am i taking this stuff? On the days you do work out take it after you workout. Ya you will gain weight but most of it will be water weight and some will be muscle. When I started taking creatine after one month I gained 10 pounds. Hi again i train 3 times a week what would be the best time to take my creatine capsules. Take five grams every day.

And 3 days a week is fine as long as you are working hard on all your muscles. Or you can just take it right before you go to bed. But make sure to drink a lot of water but not too much. U can cycle it if u want. And curls are the best for your biceps. Stay on creatine as long as u want to. If u want to be extra safe than go ahead. And curls are definently the best way to get bigger byceps. Cycling is when u take creatine for a month and stop for a couple weeks and then load up for five days and repeat.

Poni tu stesso una domanda. Discussioni su 'gum' nel forum English Only. Salva la cronologia Mostra tutti Link: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. The dentist told Marie that she needed to floss more to take care of her gums. Il dentista ha detto a Mary di prendersi cura delle proprie gengive, usando più spesso il filo interdentale. Verb taking a direct object--for example, " Say something. Hallie really gummed this whole project up when she decided to give the boss our plan before we had a chance to revise it.

Hallie ha davvero mandato in fumo l'intero progetto decidendo di sottoporlo al capo prima che potessimo revisionarlo. In addition to these prevention programs and other research efforts, also has invested in public education efforts to increase awareness about the dangers of steroid abuse.

We have material on our website about steroid abuse at www. Research has shown that the inappropriate use of anabolic steroids can have catastrophic medical, psychiatric and behavioral consequences. I hope that students, parents, teachers, coaches and others will take advantage of the information on our website about anabolic steroids abuse and join us in our prevention and education efforts.

Participating in sports offers many benefits, but young people and adults shouldn't take unnecessary health risks in an effort to win. Some athletes abuse anabolic steroids to enhance performance.

Abuse of anabolic steroids can lead to serious health problems, some of which are irreversible. Major side effects can include liver tumors and cancer, jaundice, high blood pressure, kidney tumors, severe acne, and trembling. In males, side effects may include shrinking of the testicles and breast development. In females, side effects may include growth of facial hair, menstrual changes, and deepened voice.

In teenagers, growth may be halted prematurely and permanently. The therapeutic use of steroids can be realized by patients and their doctors by using them in a manner that is beneficial to the person. MyoD is a protein and a transcription factor that activates muscle cell differentiation by turning on transcription of specific regulatory genes. It turns stem cells into myoblasts, a cell that can turn into many muscle cell, also called "muscle stem cell". MyoD belongs to a family of proteins knowns as myogenic regulatory factor MRFs.

MyoD can also turn on transcription of it's own regulatory genes MyoD protein coding genes , and this means that it can produce more of itself. The positive feedback turns on transcription of other muscle proteins, cell cycle blockers, and microRNA One of the main actions of MyoD is to remove cells from the cell cycle by enhancing the transcription of p21The function of MyoD is to commit mesoderm cells to a skeletal lineage.

MyoD can also regulate muscle repair. One of the main actions of MyoD is to remove cells from the cell cycle by enhancing the transcription of p Bidirectional Signalling- muscle cells and nerves cells send signals back and forth to each other. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis ALS is a loss of motor neuron and this blocks the formation of neuromuscular junctions.

Therefore, no muscle growth which means a potential of leading to paralysis. Stephen Hawking suffers from this disease. MicroRNA indirectly forms neuromuscular junctions with motor neurons. Neuromuscular junction sends synaptic signals to MyoD and this blcoks MyoD and stops or limits muscle development. Myostatin is a protein that also blocks MyoD. Without myostatin, muscle development increases. Myostatin Mutations In Sheep: Myostatin Mutations In Humans: It should be noted that ATP is still needed for crossbridge cycling, and that there is no reserve, such as creatine phosphate, available.

Most ATP is created from aerobic metabolism, however anaerobic production may take place in times of low oxygen concentrations. Muscles cells, like all cells, use ATP as an energy source. The total quantity of ATP in the human body at any one time is about 0.

The energy used by human cells requires the hydrolysis of to moles of ATP daily. This means that each ATP molecule is recycled to times during a single day. ATP cannot be stored, hence its consumption must closely follow its synthesis. On a per-hour basis, 1 kilogram of ATP is created, processed and then recycled in the body.

Looking at it another way, a single cell uses about 10 million ATP molecules per second to meet its metabolic needs, and recycles all of its ATP molecules about every seconds.

Catabolized carbohydrates is known as glycolysis. The end product of glycolysis, pyruvate can go into different directions depending on aerobic or anaerobic conditions. In aerobic it goes through the Krebs cycle and in anaerobic it goes through the Cori cycle. In the Cori cycle pyruvate is converted to lactate, this forms lactic acid, lactic acid causes muscle fatigue.

In the aerobic conditions pyruvate goes through the Krebs cycle. For more about Krebs cycle refer to chapter 2 Cell Physiology. Dermatomyositis and polymyositis cause inflammation of the muscles. They are rare disorders, affecting only about one in , people per year. More women than men are affected. Although the peak age of onset is in the 50s, the disorders can occur at any age.

Signs and symptoms — Patients complain of muscle weakness that usually worsens over several months, though in some cases symptoms come on suddenly. The affected muscles are close to the trunk as opposed to in the wrists or feet , involving for example the hip, shoulder, or neck muscles.

Muscles on both sides of the body are equally affected. In some cases, muscles are sore or tender. Some patients have involvement of the muscles of the pharynx throat or the esophagus the tube leading from the throat to the stomach , causing problems with swallowing. In some cases, this leads to food being misdirected from the esophagus to the lungs, causing severe pneumonia. In dermatomyositis, there is a rash, though sometimes the rash resolves before muscle problems occur.

A number of different types of rash can occur, including rashes on the fingers, the chest and shoulders, or on the upper eyelids show picture In rare cases, the rash of dermatomyositis appears but myopathy never develops. Other problems sometimes associated with these diseases include fever, weight loss, arthritis, cold-induced color changes in the fingers or toes Raynaud phenomenon , and heart or lung problems.

The majority of muscle atrophy in the general population results from disuse. People with sedentary jobs and senior citizens with decreased activity can lose muscle tone and develop significant atrophy. This type of atrophy is reversible with vigorous exercise. Bed-ridden people can undergo significant muscle wasting. Astronauts, free of the gravitational pull of Earth, can develop decreased muscle tone and loss of calcium from their bones following just a few days of weightlessness.

Muscle atrophy resulting from disease rather than disuse is generally one of two types, that resulting from damage to the nerves that supply the muscles, and disease of the muscle itself. Examples of diseases affecting the nerves that control muscles would be poliomyelitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS or Lou Gehrig's disease , and Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Examples of diseases affecting primarily the muscles would include muscular dystrophy, myotonia congenita, and myotonic dystrophy as well as other congenital, inflammatory or metabolic myopathies. Muscular dystrophy MD is a group of rare inherited muscle diseases in which muscle fibers are unusually susceptible to damage.

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